“IRRSG E-Waste recycling summit”, which is the 3rd regular meeting in 2017, was held at “Jyosui Kaikan” on October 2nd. Many audiences related to the recycling business belonging to the foreign companies, METI(Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry), e-scrap recyclers and ALBA attended.
The conference successfully closed with great attraction of the audiences because the conference themes met the current topics of E-Scrap such as the movement of the relaxation of the import regulation in Japan, which are attractive for the companies dealt with E-scrap business.
The current recycling situation in Hong Kong as the transit point of the trade.
The first presenter was Mr. Donald Lim, who is the material trading manager of ALBA/IWS. He introduced the present recycling situation of WEEE in Hong Kong & Asia. ALBA is a giant corporation as recycling specialist in German, which has about 7,500 employees in the whole group and 5 million tons of recycling materials treated in the last year. IWS is a local waste management provider mainly dealing with metal and paper recycling in Hong Kong. The joint venture of ALBA and IWS manage recycling business in Hong Kong.
Mr. Donald Lim mentioned it is the real situation that most of recycling yards in Hong Kong are located near farms and private houses. Approximately 800 ~ 1000 of this type of recycling yards exist in Hong Kong.
Most of the recycling companies in Hong Kong import e-waste from U.S., Japan and so on. They dismantle print circuit boards and extract metals and smuggle variable materials oversea and landfill the remains.
Mr. Lim also said that many kinds of remains such as battery, capacitors and mercury tubes are landfilled. WEEEs are imported legally in Hong Kong. However, the reality is there are a lot of smuggled WEEEs into Hong Kong.
E-waste are mainly smuggled into Southeast Asia such as Thailand, Malaysia and Vietnam. Mr. Lim said, “As illegal smelting and recycling process is carried out without environment pollution treatment, for example contaminated water is discharged, serious pollution is being concerned in some areas.
In this situation, Chinese buyers are expanding their territory in these countries. They buy print circuit boards for the resale. They pick up IC chips from the board and resale them. The E-wastes which cannot be resold are treated by illegal recycling process.
Mr. Lim said that the picked-up IC chips are very popular in buyers. The price of the chip was determined by the GB. For example, the price of 4G memory chip in the buyers is about US$ 0.7 per each. The valueless remains are smuggled to the other countries and illegal smelters in Southeast Asia purchase those remains. The illegal smelters in Southeast Asia have become the strong competitors against Japanese refiners.
（Edited by Yamamoto）